In a dangerous discovery, scientists have found signs of rust on the lunar surface, which are said to have no air or water, which are important components in the formation of rust. ANI reported that scientists have previously found evidence of corrosion on Mars, as well as the presence of iron, water, and air, which had completely shocked the community of scientists recently concerning the presence of rust on the lunar surface. The development was revealed in the data advance review data collected from Chandrayaan 1 orbiter of the ISRO.
2008, the same orbiter found the presence of ice water and various types of minerals on the lunar surface. The lead author of the research, Shuai Li from the University of Hawaii, who has had success, has led extensive studies on ice water previously found by Chandrayaan 1’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper device, also known as M3. This time Lee found that the spectra of the Moon’s poles had a very different composition than the rest of the surface. Spectra is a technique used by astronauts to record reflected light from various surfaces of heavenly bodies such as the Moon and Mars. After an in-depth analysis of the spectra from the Moon’s polar region, it was found that the polar surface had the presence of hematite, in contrast to the presence of iron-rich rocks on other parts of the Moon. Hematite is nothing but iron oxide or a form of corrosion that occurs when iron comes in contact with oxygen and water.
Indulged in disbelief at her discovery, Lee took up the case to NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory JPL scientists Abigail Freeman and Vivian Sun to confirm their discovery. Lee said that the presence of hematite on the lunar polar regions was very surprising because Earth’s only natural satellite does not have the opposite conditions of hematite formation, unlike the Earth where giant hematite reserves are made.
At first sharing Lee’s disbelief and refusing to believe the find, Fremain and Sun later confirmed the discovery. The second plausible theory put forward by scientists is the ‘benign and mediated’ effect of the Earth’s magnetotail that blocks particles of hydrogen reaching the lunar surface from solar winds during certain orbital conditions of the moon. The absence of hydrogen reduces the reduction process and helps in the oxidation process on the lunar surface due to corrosion. Another theory propounded by scientists relates to the role played by high-speed dust particles that can sometimes release water particles which leadsto the formation of rust.